Un nuevo pabellón de acero y corcho se instala en los jardínes de Kensington – diseño de Herzog & De Meuron + Ai Weiwei | Cultura | elmundo.es


ARQUITECTURA | Serpentine Gallery

Reuters | Londres

Inmersa en los impecables jardines de Kensington, la Serpentine Gallery de Londres estrena su última creación, una gran estructura circular de metal y corcho de color tierra.

Vista del pabellón de la galería Serpentine de Londres.| Efe/Andy Rain - ElMundo.es
Vista del pabellón de la galería Serpentine de Londres.| Efe/Andy Rain – ElMundo.es

El pabellón es fruto del trabajo de los arquitectos Herzog & De Meuron y del artista chino Ai Weiwei. Lo diseñaron dentro de la serie anual de verano.

“Nos dimos cuenta de que queríamos algo que tuviese una apariencia pacífica pero una estructura interna muy complicada. Como si un arqueólogo hubiese excavado y hubiese expuesto la estructura subterránea”, ha afirmado Ai.

“Nos cuenta que la arquitectura no es sólo sobre el espacio y la forma. También es sobre las circunstancias en las que nos encontramos, nuestro estado mental y nuestro trasfondo político“, ha añadido el disidente chino.

Estructurado en dos niveles

La estructura circular tiene dos niveles. El techo de acero cuenta con una capa de agua que refleja el cielo y una serie de formas, que representan cada uno de los anteriores pabellones.

En la planta baja, que está completamente cubierta con corcho de color tierra, cuenta con taburetes redondeados, como si fueran setas, para que los visitantes se sienten e interactúen durante los tres meses que el pabellón estará en la Serpentine.

Para Pierre de Meuron fue muy emocionante poder diseñar el pabellón este año. Aunque ha apuntado que fue un auténtico reto: colaboraron con Ai Weiwei por Skype, sólo contaron con un plazo de seis meses y tuvieron que construir la estructura bajo la mala meteorología de Londres.

Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2012 by Herzog & de Meuron and Ai Weiwei. Image © Iwan Baan  - Web de la Serpentine Gallery
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2012 by Herzog & de Meuron and Ai Weiwei. Image © Iwan Baan – Web de la Serpentine Gallery

“Una ilusión siempre es algo positivo pero uno también tiene sus preocupaciones. Pienso que al final ha salido bien. Ahora está abierto al público, a ellos se lo damos, por eso creo que es importante que la gente venga a experimentar este espacio“.

Los diseñadores Herzog & de Meuron y Ai ya habían colaborado anteriormente, como en el estadio nacional de Pekín. Se conocieron hace una década.

vía Un nuevo pabellón de acero y corcho se instala en los jardínes de Kensington | Cultura | elmundo.es.

VÍDEO: SERPENTINE GALLERY 2012 _ Metalocus.

por Herzog & de Meuron y Ai Weiwei [LON] R.U [VÍDEO]
Diez años de pabellones efímeros por de los mejores arquitectos.

Web de la Serpentine Gallery.

Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2012 
Designed by Herzog & de Meuron and Ai Weiwei
1 June – 14 October 2012

The Serpentine Gallery is proud to announce that Herzog & de Meuron and Ai Weiwei will create the 2012 Serpentine Gallery Pavilion. It will be the twelfth commission in the Gallery’s annual series, the world’s first and most ambitious architectural programme of its kind.

The design team responsible for the celebrated Beijing National Stadium, which was built for the 2008 Olympic Games, comes together again in London in 2012 for the Serpentine’s acclaimed annual commission, being presented as part of theLondon 2012 Festival, the culmination of the Cultural Olympiad. The Pavilion is Herzog & de Meuron and Ai Weiwei’s first collaborative built structure in the UK.

http://ti.tradetracker.net/?c=7906&m=298186&a=108093&r=&t=html

Swiss Designers of Spas, Tate Modern Follow Le Corbusier – Bloomberg


By Carolyn Bandel

Forget cheese and chocolate. Switzerland’s latest successful export is architects.

Natalie Behring/Bloomberg  Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron created the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics.
Natalie Behring/Bloomberg
Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron created the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics.

The Swiss have proven that architectural prowess needs no translation, with Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron creating the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics and converting a London power plant into the Tate Modern Museum. Bernard Tschumi designed the New Acropolis Museum in Athens and Mario Botta crafted San Francisco’s Museum of Modern Art.

“In a certain sense, we’re the new luxury exports,” Botta, 68, said in an interview at his Mendrisio, Switzerland, office in the southern Alps. “Swatch helps the image of Swiss architecture as well even if it only makes watches.”

Switzerland’s wealth, quality of construction and reputation for precision have promoted a style of architecture that started with Le Corbusier, whose face adorns the Swiss 10- franc note. Yet in the land of Alpine peaks, the tallest building is the new Swiss Prime Tower in Zurich at just 36 stories. Switzerland’s limits on size means architects often go abroad seeking new challenges on a bigger canvas.

“You cannot become a star in Switzerland, the country simply is too small and there aren’t that many big projects where architects can reach international fame,” said Christian Schmid, who teaches at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology or ETH. Still, “there’s a very lively architectural scene in Switzerland with many good architects.”

Swiss Architectural Stars

The Swiss have proven that architectural prowess needs no translation, with Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron creating the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics and converting a London power plant into the Tate Modern Museum, seen here. Source: Tate Press Office via Bloomberg
The Swiss have proven that architectural prowess needs no translation, with Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron creating the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics and converting a London power plant into the Tate Modern Museum, seen here. Source: Tate Press Office via Bloomberg

Since 2001, Switzerland’s Peter Zumthor and partners Herzog and De Meuron have won the annual Pritzker Prize, the most important global prize in architecture. This year’s award went to Chinese architect Wang Shu, whose works feature recycled bricks and salvaged roofing tiles.

Past laureates include Americans such as Frank Gehry, feted for his Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, France’s Jean Nouvel, designer of the Quai Branly Museum in Paris, and Norman Foster, whose iconic Gherkin building in London’s financial district was commissioned by Zurich-based reinsurer Swiss Re (SREN).

“We Swiss are not so susceptible to trends,” Zumthor, 68, said to explain Switzerland’s architectural successes after winning the 2009 Pritzker.

Zumthor built the Serpentine Gallery pavilion in London last year, a summer structure commissioned annually. This year, childhood friends Herzog and De Meuron along with Chinese artist Ai Weiwei, whom they collaborated with in Beijing, are designing the pavilion amid the run-up to London’s Summer Olympics.

Important architects are chosen for the pavilion, “and among the big names in the world, there are just very many Swiss, which is incredible,” Hans-Ulrich Obrist, co-director of the Serpentine Gallery and Swiss, said in a phone interview.

Thermal Spa

“The constraints that Switzerland has, such as the topography, create very interesting and dynamic architecture.”

Such topographical challenges in a nation where 40 percent of the terrain is mountains proved little issue for Zumthor, who built the Vals thermal baths southwest of Davos using 60,000 slabs of local rock.

Besides terrain, costs in a country of almost 8 million residents are also important after the Swiss franc reached near- parity with the euro last year, denting exports.

Local acceptance is crucial to the Swiss style of democracy, with popular votes held to approve large projects. Switzerland’s last big concert hall survived four referendums before it was finished in 2000 by Nouvel on Lake Lucerne. Nouvel also designed packaging for Nestle SA (NESN) to revamp a chocolate brand.

Switzerland’s populace can be “perplexed by large and expensive projects,” Schmid said.

vía Swiss Designers of Spas, Tate Modern Follow Le Corbusier – Bloomberg.

Entradas anteriores en ArquitecturaS:

Herzog & De Meuron y Ai Weiwei vuelven a trabajar juntos – ABC.es

Zumthor, el esencialista de lo sensual

Un Partenón de cristal para los mármoles exiliados · Inaugurado hoy en Atenas

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