El Jungfrau de Suiza, la estación de tren más alta de Europa, celebra su primer centenario – 20minutos.es


  • La estación de tren más alta de Europa se abrió el 1 de agosto de 1912.
  • Esta obra de ingeniería de montaña ‘destripa’ las entrañas de los Alpes suizos.
  • El viaje por los glaciares alpinos hasta la cima del Jungfrau dura dos horas.
Jungfrau  El tren acaba en la llamada esfinge. (TURISMO DE INTERLAKEN) - 20minutos.es
Jungfrau El tren acaba en la llamada esfinge. (TURISMO DE INTERLAKEN) – 20minutos.es

EUROPA PRESS.

Es un destino de montaña en plenos Alpes, es un paisaje único y es una estación de tren única. Es el Jungfrau Railway, la estación de tren de más altura de Europa y el tren de cremallera que alcanzó la cima de los Alpes suizos en 1912.

El Jungfrau acaba de cumplir 100 años (fue el pasado 1 de agosto). Con el objetivo de celebrar el centenario se encendieron 48 bengalas en las paredes del norte de Eiger y Mönch, mostrando la ruta del histórico tren a través de las dos montañas de Suiza.

Hace cien años, los trabajadores italianos de la construcción explosionaron una enorme carga de dinamita y tuvieron éxito al atravesar el Jungfraujoch. La estación de tren más alta de Europa se abrió oficialmente el 1 de agosto de 1912.

vía El Jungfrau de Suiza, la estación de tren más alta de Europa, celebra su primer centenario – 20minutos.es.


Jungfraubahn – De Wikipedia
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The Jungfrau RailwayA Pioneering Work

The Jungfrau Railway, a pioneering masterpiece among mountain railways, went into service in 1912. The cogwheel railway takes passengers from Kleine Scheidegg to the JungfraujochTop of Europe, at 3454 metres Europe’s highest-altitude railway station in a world of rock, ice and snow. Seven of the nine kilometres of railway are in a tunnel hewn in the rock of the Eiger and Mönch.



Swiss Designers of Spas, Tate Modern Follow Le Corbusier – Bloomberg


By Carolyn Bandel

Forget cheese and chocolate. Switzerland’s latest successful export is architects.

Natalie Behring/Bloomberg  Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron created the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics.
Natalie Behring/Bloomberg
Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron created the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics.

The Swiss have proven that architectural prowess needs no translation, with Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron creating the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics and converting a London power plant into the Tate Modern Museum. Bernard Tschumi designed the New Acropolis Museum in Athens and Mario Botta crafted San Francisco’s Museum of Modern Art.

“In a certain sense, we’re the new luxury exports,” Botta, 68, said in an interview at his Mendrisio, Switzerland, office in the southern Alps. “Swatch helps the image of Swiss architecture as well even if it only makes watches.”

Switzerland’s wealth, quality of construction and reputation for precision have promoted a style of architecture that started with Le Corbusier, whose face adorns the Swiss 10- franc note. Yet in the land of Alpine peaks, the tallest building is the new Swiss Prime Tower in Zurich at just 36 stories. Switzerland’s limits on size means architects often go abroad seeking new challenges on a bigger canvas.

“You cannot become a star in Switzerland, the country simply is too small and there aren’t that many big projects where architects can reach international fame,” said Christian Schmid, who teaches at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology or ETH. Still, “there’s a very lively architectural scene in Switzerland with many good architects.”

Swiss Architectural Stars

The Swiss have proven that architectural prowess needs no translation, with Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron creating the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics and converting a London power plant into the Tate Modern Museum, seen here. Source: Tate Press Office via Bloomberg
The Swiss have proven that architectural prowess needs no translation, with Jacques Herzog and Pierre De Meuron creating the “Bird’s Nest” for the Beijing Olympics and converting a London power plant into the Tate Modern Museum, seen here. Source: Tate Press Office via Bloomberg

Since 2001, Switzerland’s Peter Zumthor and partners Herzog and De Meuron have won the annual Pritzker Prize, the most important global prize in architecture. This year’s award went to Chinese architect Wang Shu, whose works feature recycled bricks and salvaged roofing tiles.

Past laureates include Americans such as Frank Gehry, feted for his Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, France’s Jean Nouvel, designer of the Quai Branly Museum in Paris, and Norman Foster, whose iconic Gherkin building in London’s financial district was commissioned by Zurich-based reinsurer Swiss Re (SREN).

“We Swiss are not so susceptible to trends,” Zumthor, 68, said to explain Switzerland’s architectural successes after winning the 2009 Pritzker.

Zumthor built the Serpentine Gallery pavilion in London last year, a summer structure commissioned annually. This year, childhood friends Herzog and De Meuron along with Chinese artist Ai Weiwei, whom they collaborated with in Beijing, are designing the pavilion amid the run-up to London’s Summer Olympics.

Important architects are chosen for the pavilion, “and among the big names in the world, there are just very many Swiss, which is incredible,” Hans-Ulrich Obrist, co-director of the Serpentine Gallery and Swiss, said in a phone interview.

Thermal Spa

“The constraints that Switzerland has, such as the topography, create very interesting and dynamic architecture.”

Such topographical challenges in a nation where 40 percent of the terrain is mountains proved little issue for Zumthor, who built the Vals thermal baths southwest of Davos using 60,000 slabs of local rock.

Besides terrain, costs in a country of almost 8 million residents are also important after the Swiss franc reached near- parity with the euro last year, denting exports.

Local acceptance is crucial to the Swiss style of democracy, with popular votes held to approve large projects. Switzerland’s last big concert hall survived four referendums before it was finished in 2000 by Nouvel on Lake Lucerne. Nouvel also designed packaging for Nestle SA (NESN) to revamp a chocolate brand.

Switzerland’s populace can be “perplexed by large and expensive projects,” Schmid said.

vía Swiss Designers of Spas, Tate Modern Follow Le Corbusier – Bloomberg.

Entradas anteriores en ArquitecturaS:

Herzog & De Meuron y Ai Weiwei vuelven a trabajar juntos – ABC.es

Zumthor, el esencialista de lo sensual

Un Partenón de cristal para los mármoles exiliados · Inaugurado hoy en Atenas

https://twitter.com/#!/arquitectonico/status/185014920159559681



Arte utópico en la vía pública | Cultura | Exposición Swiss Sculpture Exhibition


La moneda de las Repúblicas Transnacionales Unidas. | Meritxell Mir
La moneda de las Repúblicas Transnacionales Unidas. | Meritxell Mir
  • La muestra de Bienne (Suiza) reflexiona sobre la creatividad en las ciudades
  • La utopía es el tema central de 50 propuestas procedentes de todo el mundo

Para visitar la exposición de arte contemporáneo que hay repartida por la ciudad suiza de Bienne es necesario desayunar primero un bocadillo de curiosidad, un buen vaso de espirítu aventurero y un ‘croissant’ untado de imaginación. Si no, será difícil descubrir que tras una tapa de alcantarilla, una valla publicitaria o un anuncio pegado en una farola hay una propuesta artística.

El arte urbano pasa desapercibido la mayoría de las veces porque en la calle hay demasiada información alrededor de la obra: señales de tráfico, carteles, gente…”, explica Simon Lamunière, director de la 11ª edición de la Swiss Sculpture Exhibition, que se celebra hasta el 25 de octubre en esta ciudad helvética bilingüe.

Jugando con esa idea, Lamunière ha escogido obras de arte y las ha integrado en el paisaje urbano de tal manera que en muchos casos cuesta distinguirlas de ese ruido informativo de la ciudad al que se refiere. Encontrarlas es como un juego de habilidad, a no ser que se consulte la guía que la organización de la muestra ha editado para la ocasión.

“Muchas de las obras pueden parecer objetos corrientes, pero el mensaje que transmiten no lo es”, asegura Lamunière.

desde Arte utópico en la vía pública | Cultura | elmundo.es.

Album de la Exposición

Utopics, 11th Swiss Sculpture Exhibition in Biel / Bienne (Switzerland)