10 of Tokyo’s best works of architecture | Travel | guardian.co.uk


Tokyo‘s skyline is a diverse jumble of modern architecture, from soaring shards of glass to eccentric 1970s living capsules. Ashley Rawlings picks 10 of the most distinctive buildings.

As featured in our Tokyo city guide

St Mary's Cathedral, Kenzo Tange. Photograph: vlayusuke on Flickr/some rights reserved
St Mary's Cathedral, Kenzo Tange. Photograph: vlayusuke on Flickr/some rights reserved

Ashley Rawlings

guardian.co.uk,

Reversible Destiny Lofts

“We have decided not to die,” declared architects Shusaku Arakawa and Madeleine Gins in the title of the book they published in 1997, arguing that lopsided, physically challenging spaces would awaken residents’ instincts and allow them to live better, longer – even forever. Head out to Tokyo‘s leafy suburb of Mitaka and see their rainbow-coloured.

reversibledestiny.org

REVERSIBLE DESTINY LOFTS – MITAKA (IN MEMORY OF HELEN KELLER)

St Mary’s Cathedral

Kenzo Tange has built many impressive buildings in Tokyo, but St Mary’s Cathedral is arguably his finest work. Built in 1964, it is a soaring vision of stainless-steel-clad abstraction. Seen from the air, the apex of its roof forms a cross made of glass. The interior is equally dramatic: a cavern of sloping walls at times lit up in red or blue.

Prada flagship store

Tokyo’s Omotesando boulevard is a stunning catwalk for high-end contemporary fashion and dramatic architecture. Just when you think the setting can’t get any more impressive, the Prada flagship store manages to make its neighbours look like they’re trying too hard. Built in 2003 by Herzog and DeMeuron (renowned for the the bird’s nest Olympic Stadium in Beijing; their extension to London’s Tate Modern art gallery will open in time for this year’s Olympics), the Prada store is an irregular construction of green, diamond-shaped glass panels.

Nakagin Capsule Tower, Residencia y Oficina - Wikipedia
Nakagin Capsule Tower, Residencia y Oficina - Wikipedia

Nakagin Capsule Tower

Completed in 1972 by Kisho Kurokawa, this eccentric residential/office building – which looks like a stack of washing machines – is an icon of the postwar Metabolist movement. The cramped capsules were originally designed for single businessmen, and each unit contains a built-in shower, bed, TV and phone. These were supposed to be replaced every 25 years, but never were, so the building is now in a sorry state of disrepair.

Fumiko Hayashi Memorial Hall

With the widespread firebombing of Tokyo in 1945 and the postwar reconstruction, there’s not a lot of traditional architecture left to see in the city – with one great exception. In 1941, novelist Fumiko Hayashi (1903–1951) built her home here in Edo-era architectural style. Now a museum, this elegant house displays artefacts relating to her life and work, and the tranquil, walled garden where Hayashi wrote her acclaimed novels Ukigumo and Meshi.

21_21 Design Sight, is a signature work by Tadao Ando, and Japan's first design museum. Photograph: Capone~ on Flickr / some rights reserved
21_21 Design Sight, is a signature work by Tadao Ando, and Japan's first design museum. Photograph: Capone~ on Flickr / some rights reserved

21_21 Design Sight

In the park behind the high-end Tokyo Midtown shopping centre, two sleek, triangular shards of concrete and glass rise from the ground. 21_21 Design Sight is a signature work by Tadao Ando, and Japan‘s first design museum. Once you venture beyond the trapezoid lobby, you discover that 70% of the building is underground, but the exhibits still look great thanks to a large light-well and clever spotlighting.

2121designsight.jp.

Reiyukai Shakaden Temple

Nothing looms more ominously on the Tokyo skyline than this dark, oblique pyramid clad in black granite and crowned by two rings of gold. Inside, the gloomy, red-felt-lined elevators seem better suited to a David Lynch movie than a temple. Reiyukai Shakaden was built in 1925 for a Buddhist lay sect and houses a large meditation room with a giant Buddha statue. But visitors are welcome, and free Japanese lessons are on offer.

reiyukai.org

Golden Gai Bar District

This compact cluster of more than 200 tiny, ramshackle bars in Shinjuku is the antithesis of planned, efficient architecture. In the 1950s it was a den of black-market trade and vice, but later became a hangout for artists and intellectuals. The chaotic street scenes in Ridley Scott‘s Bladerunner were apparently inspired by this dingy Tokyo district. Each bar has its own theme, ranging from photography to horse racing.

Yuzo Saeki’s Studio

Yuzo Saeki (1898-1928) was one of Japan’s early adopters of western-style oil painting. Late in life, he spent several years in Paris, where he painted self-portraits and landscapes in the Fauvist style. His studio, nestled in a small park in Mejiro, is a very rare find in Tokyo. This intimate, wooden building – reminiscent of an American parish chapel – is flooded with natural light that pours in through a large set of windows at one end, while at the other there’s a quirky, irregular row of three doors.

Sonorium

The lopsided white block of Jun Aoki‘s Sonorium rises up from behind the dark, tiled roofs of a residential street in Eifukucho. The intimate concert hall is a serene place to be on an overcast or rainy day: the sloping walls punctuated by two rectangular windows which become gleaming expanses of bright white.

sonorium.jp

For more information go to the Japan National Tourism Organisation’s website: jnto.go.jp/eng

• Ashley Rawlings is the editor of Art Space Tokyo, a guide to the city’s most architecturally distinctive museums and galleries

vía 10 of Tokyo’s best works of architecture | Travel | guardian.co.uk.

Entrada anteriore en ArquitecturaS:



Bali se suma a la arquitectura sostenible con una “catedral de bambú” – epa – European Pressphoto Agency


Por: Agencia EFE

Bali se suma a la arquitectura sostenible con una "catedral de bambú" - EPA / Google
Bali se suma a la arquitectura sostenible con una "catedral de bambú" - EPA / Google

Denpasar (Indonesia), (EFE).- La “catedral de bambú“, la mayor estructura de este material del mundo y que en vez de un centro religioso será una fábrica de chocolate, toma forma en la isla de Bali al calor de la eclosión de la arquitectura sostenible en Indonesia.

El colosal edificio de más de 2.200 metros cuadrados y tres plantas de altura se construye en medio de arrozales y palmeras con un diseño cuidado para que se integre, sin desentonar, en el entorno natural que le rodea.

“El bambú es uno de los materiales más ecológicos para construir que existen”, explica a Efe el estadounidense Benjamin Ripple, uno de los dueños de la cooperativa Big Tree Farms, un proyecto que comercializa productos de agricultura orgánica cultivados en Indonesia y que producirá chocolate dentro de estas instalaciones ‘verdes’.

Han hecho falta más de 3.000 cañas de bambú, algunas de ellas de 20 metros de longitud, para tejer el entramado del inmueble, cuyo suelo está cubierto por madera de cocotero.

El diseño ha respetado la filosofía de la fábrica hasta en los más pequeños detalles: los marcos de las ventanas, los pomos de las puertas y el pasamanos de las escaleras también están elaborados con bambú.

Ripple dice que eligió el bambú por varios motivos, entre ellos, la abundancia del material en los países tropicales, la flexibilidad y el bajo coste.

“Cada caña nos cuesta tres dólares; definitivamente, construir con bambú es mucho más barato que hacerlo con hormigón o cualquier otro material”, admite el emprendedor que espera inaugurar la fábrica a principios de 2012.

Para asegurar los cimientos, las cañas se clavan hasta más de un metro y medio de profundidad en la tierra y se rellenan de cemento para aumentar su resistencia; los espacios libres entre ellas están cubiertos con conglomerado de cáscara de coco, que actúa como aislante en el húmedo clima tropical indonesio.

Los lugareños acogieron con recelo los primeros pasos del proyecto ecológico, pero su perspectiva ha cambiado al ver erguirse el esqueleto del inmueble al que han bautizado con el sobrenombre de “la catedral de bambú” y al conocer que la chocolatería empleará a un centenar de trabajadores de la zona.

vía epa – european pressphoto agency: Bali se suma a la arquitectura sostenible con una “catedral de bambú.

Construyen una “catedral de bambú” en Indonesia

Construyen una "catedral de bambú" en Indonesia - www.larepublica.pe
Construyen una "catedral de bambú" en Indonesia - http://www.larepublica.pe

La obra funcionará como una fábrica de chocolate

Una “catedral de bambú” ha sido construida en Bali, Indonesia, como forma de arquitectura sostenible, siendo la mayor estructura de este material en el mundo.

Este edificio cuenta con más de 2.200 metros cuadrados y tres plantas de altura y ha sido ubicado en medio de arrozales y palmeras con un diseño que no desentona con el entorno natural que le rodea.

A pesar de ser llamada “catedral de bambú” la obra funcionará como una fábrica de chocolate. De acuerdo a Benjamin Ripple, uno de los dueños de la cooperativa Big Tree Farms, (empresa a cargo del proyecto)  el bambú es uno de los materiales más ecológicos que existen para construir.

Bali se suma a la arquitectura sostenible con una “catedral de bambú”

Paula Regueira Leal

Denpasar (Indonesia), (EFE).-