THE FUTURE IS HERE: A NEW INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION (El Futuro está aquí: Una Nueva Revolución Industrial)
Want to know your additive manufacturing from your 3d printing, and find out how the ‘new industrial revolution’ will impact your life? Or just want to understand more about how the things around you are made? Then visit The Future is Here. Everything you need to know is in this exhibition.
The Future is Here explores how the boundaries between designer, manufacturer and consumer are becoming increasingly blurred. Significant changes in the way objects are made, the materials they are made of and the type of objects that people use have the potential to affect commerce, industry and the environment as profoundly as any past Industrial Revolution.
See some of these manufacturing techniques demonstrated in The Future is Here Factory and find out how they will change the designed world around you.
El Estudio de Arquitectura de Sir Norman Foster, junto a la Agencia Espacial Europea, proyectan estructuras mediante impresión 3D (robot) para colonizar la Luna, desarrollando la construcción de habitáculos lunares (tipo “domo”), que aprovechan el regolito de la superficie como material principal.
Foster + Partners is part of a consortium set up by the ESAto explore the possibilities of 3D printing to construct lunar habitations. Addressing the challenges of transporting materials to the moon, the study is investigating the use of lunar soil, known as regolith, as building matter.
The practice has designed a lunar base to house four people, which can offer protection from meteorites, gamma radiation and high temperature fluctuations. The base is first unfolded from a tubular module that can be transported by space rocket. An inflatable dome then extends from one end of this cylinder to provide a support structure for construction. Layers of regolith are then built up over the dome by a robot-operated 3D printer to create a protective shell.
To ensure strength while keeping the amount of binding “ink” to a minimum, the shell is made up of a hollow closed cellular structure similar to foam. The geometry of the structure was designed by Foster + Partners in collaboration with consortium partners – it is groundbreaking in demonstrating the potential of 3D printing to create structures that are close to natural biological systems.
Simulated lunar soil has been used to create a 1.5 tonne mockup and 3D printing tests have been undertaken at a smaller scale in a vacuum chamber to echo lunar conditions. The planned site for the base is at the moon’s southern pole, where there is near perpetual sunlight on the horizon.
Un arquitecto holandés ha revelado un ambicioso plan para construir un edificio usando una impresora 3D. No se trata de un loco, sino de Janjaap Ruijssenaars, de Universe Architecture quien ya tiene los planos, el presupuesto y el tipo de impresora que usará para cumplir con esta meta.
Su proyecto se llama «Landscape house» (Casa paisaje), una estructura que se basa en un bucle continuo con un solo lado, inspirado en la «banda de Moebius». Según explica Ruijssenaars, este proyecto sólo es posible si se realiza con una impresora 3D.
«En la construcción tradicional se tiene que hacer un molde de madera, rellenarlo con hormigón y luego sacar la madera. Es una pérdida de tiempo y energía. La impresión 3D es increíble. Se puede imprimir lo que usted quiera. Es una forma más directa de la construcción», ha declarado el arquitecto a la BBC.
One surface folded in an endless möbius band. Floors transform into ceilings, inside into outside. Production with innovative 3D printing techniques. Architecture of continuity with an endless array of applicability.
It can take anywhere from six weeks to six months to build a 2,800-square-foot, two-story house in the U.S., mostly because human beings do all the work.
Within the next five years, chances are that 3D printing (also known by the less catchy but more inclusive termadditive manufacturing) will have become so advanced that we will be able to upload design specifications to a massive robot, press print, and watch as it spits out a concrete house in less than a day. Plenty of humans will be there, but just to ogle.
“Initially it will be most beneficial to developing countries to eradicate their slums. Next is emergency shelter construction where war and natural disaster uproots thousands of people,” says Khoshnevis. “[It] can build much cheaper and much faster and can produce dignified housing rather than tents and boxes.”
Imagine being able to “print” an entire house. Or a four-course dinner. Or a complete mechanical device such as a cuckoo clock, fully assembled and ready to run. Or a printer capable of printing … yet another printer?
These are no longer sci-fi flights of fancy. Rather, they are all real (though very early-stage) research projects underway at MIT, and just a few ways the Institute is pushing forward the boundaries of a technology it helped pioneer nearly two decades ago. A flurry of media stories this year have touted three-dimensional printing — or “3DP” — as the vanguard of a revolution in the way goods are produced, one that could potentially usher in a new era of “mass customization.”
One of the first practical 3-D printers, and the first to be called by that name, was patented in 1993 by MIT professors Michael Cima, now the Sumitomo Electric Industries Professor of Engineering, and Emanuel Sachs, now the Fred Fort Flowers (1941) and Daniel Fort Flowers (1941) Professor of Mechanical Engineering. Unlike earlier attempts, this machine has evolved to create objects made of plastic, ceramic and metal. The MIT-inspired 3DPs are now in use “all over the world,” Cima says.
The initial motivation was to produce models for visualization — for architects and others — and help streamline the development of new products, such as medical devices. Cima explains, “The slow step in product development was prototyping. We wanted to be able to rapidly prototype surgical tools, and get them into surgeons’ hands to get feedback.”